07 May

Migrating From 32-bit XP To 64-bit Windows 7

Quick summary

Here is a quick summary (based on the search terms people use when finding this page):

  • Will <insert software name here> run on Windows 7? In short: Yes, most likely.
  • Will I be able to open documents created using <insert software name here> on 64-bit Windows 7? Yes, most likely. The 32-bit to 64-bit transition only affects the applications itself, not files. And, most of all you can simply use the 32-bit version of the program like you used to use.
  • The whole 32-bit vs. 64-bit thing is a non-issue and gets better all the time as developers update their software. A bigger issue is if a program works on Windows 7, which it should if it’s written at least somewhat properly (which is the case with 95% of software).
  • Yes, even games still work quite well, especially those released only a year or two ago
  • Do not simply format C: — you need to reinstall but you can copy a lot of stuff from the previous Windows installation (see below how)
  • No major problems in daily use
  • No major slowdowns even with Aero enabled
  • If you are knowledgeable enough to worry about the above, you can overcome most problems/differences you’ll encounter
  • Just do it already!


Here’s some quick pointers and answers to questions I, a stereotypical diehard XP user, had that made me hesitate trying out the new Windows 7 RC. I didn’t immediately find such info on the webs and as a chronic luddite I didn’t even think about finding out until absolutely necessary.

My goals, as always with OS installs, were to minimize reinstalling of apps and data so that I can pretty much pick up where I left. Even though it’s common for even experienced or otherwise sane people to advocate a simple reformat of the hard drive and installing everything yet again, it’s just magical thinking to me (although it does make things simpler, but more laborous). In my experience, it takes just a bit of planning to avoid that. A tiny bit. What I did was taking backups of the most vital data (emails, most cherished boobie picture bookmarks and such) but I knew beforehand that’s not a part of plan B, even.

Then, I just installed the new OS.

First impressions

After some waiting and a reboot or two, the following is a list of what went through my head:

  • I was worried about if old programs still work. Most programs you used to use in 32-bit XP should work OK. You simply drop them in C:\Program Files (x86). Generally, I think you should not have trouble with common (non-game) programs because they are not native 64-bit code but see below.
  • Windows 7 didn’t remove my C:\Documents and Settings, even though for a short moment I thought it did. It’s simply relocated to C:\Windows.old, as are the Program Files folder and of course C:\Windows is there too in case you need it.
  • The Application Data and the Local Settings\Application Data folders that previously were right under the user directory are now in C:\Users\kometbomb\AppData\ and C:\Users\kometbomb\AppData\Local\, respectively. I just dropped the Firefox and Thunderbird profile folders in there and here I am again with the same setup.
  • I immediately noticed the way I set Viewer2 as the default program for image files no longer works in Windows 7, so this might be a minor annoyance in case someone else does it the way I do. In the Control Panel there’s a working way to change the default programs manually, although I would hate to do it for more than the 4 different extensions Viewer2 needs. It seems you have to click every extension through and select the program you want to open them. Stuff like this probably is avoided if the program is done exactly as the MS specs tell etc. but the reality is that not everyone did that.
  • You will have trouble with file permissions if you were using NTFS (especially if this is your first time with more restrictive permissions), but this has always been the case if you move files around inside the same OS and the file owner is different (i.e. you but under a different OS etc.). Currently, I have had an interesting problem which causes some files being unable to open even though the folder has the permissions set as they should be. Even Explorer shows the files without the modification date and most programs report they can’t find the file (which in reality means they can’t open it even though the file is there).

    Found a solution: some (seemingly random) files are recognized as coming from another computer (i.e. my previous OS) and they have to manually be unblocked (file properties -> Unblock). I don’t know why 99% files that are in the same directory work without a question…

    Personally, I think they could have done without this kind of stuff somehow. Yeah, big boys’ OS’s have that kind of stuff but it’s just confusing if you really don’t want to know about that. After all, it’s the computer that should do the work. It’s kind of interesting how otherwise the interface is very much like something your mom would use after a bit of practice but if you just right click a file and go in the properties, there be dragons there.


After a week months of use, here’s the problems I have encountered:

  • A total of two BSOD’s in a few weeks. Both times occurred when I played a video (in Windows Media Player, I mostly use Media Player Classic and there has been no problems with it). The crash happened when the video card tried to reboot itself but failed to do so (crash happened in atikmdag.sys which is responsible of the reboot stuff). Good news: I think this is related to the AVIVO technology my card uses since I have had no problems except with WMP (because I am guessing MPC won’t utilize AVIVO — this is very much a thin, optimistic hunch, though).

    Update (2009-08-14): Haven’t gotten any BSOD’s in two months or so. Additionally, my video card has rebooted a few times successfully (which is still annoying but not fatal) so I guess either Microsoft or ATI fixed the issue.

  • It is not possible to mix and match 32-bit and 64-bit binaries freely. That is, a 32-bit program can’t use a 64-bit library and vice versa. Some examples when this is something that is the user’s problem, too:
    • A 64-bit media player can’t use the old 32-bit codecs. So, for some videos you’ll be using the 32-bit version of, say, Media Player Classic.
    • Let’s imagine you compile your hobby project as a 64-bit app for fun. Oops, all the libraries you are used to use are 32-bit and you for some reason can’t/don’t bother to compile them as 64-bit DLL’s. Solution: You revert back to 32-bit code.
    • Shell extensions (e.g. WinRAR’s “Extract to here…” when you right click a file and such things) of 32-bit programs that otherwise work perfectly won’t work anymore (since the extensions are DLL’s with 32-bit code in them and they can’t be used by Explorer which is not 32-bit). Solution: Use a 64-bit version of the program (which often still need you to double click on a .reg file to enable the extensions).
  • Almost constant high CPU use when nothing of value is happening. The culprit was WMPNetworkSvc (I really like the new Performance Monitor that shows an average of used resources and not just the current level of use — makes it easier to catch those processes that use tons of power except when you are looking). I disabled the service in Control Panel\System and Security\Administrative Tools\Services as it sounded like it’s not useful for me (the label on the tin says it shares media across UPnP devices, whatever that means).

Overall, I conclude there will be some problems but nothing that you can’t fix. I am happy with Windows 7 and relieved the whole 32/64-bit issue was nothing but a overblown scare. Some things about the GUI I don’t like but then again it’s usually just something you have to learn to do a bit differently, not that you can’t do something anymore.

Useful tips

How to migrate your old Firefox/Thunderbird profiles

  1. Install Firefox and run once so all the directories and files will be created.

  2. Exit Firefox.

  3. Go to C:\Users\YourName\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles (AppData might be hidden, you can simply just type in the path and press return).

  4. Copy the old profile directory (e.g. C:\Documents and Settings\YourName\Application Data\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\dl34875xyz to the Win7 directory above. If you have multiple profiles, just copy them all.

  5. Copy C:\Documents and Settings\YourName\Application Data\Mozilla\Firefox\profiles.ini to C:\Users\YourName\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\profiles.ini. Also, open the .ini with Notepad and double check the lines that say “Path=Profiles/xyz123.default” etc. are relative, i.e. that the path starts with “Profiles/“.

  6. Open Firefox and it should now load your old default profile!

To migrate Thunderbird profiles, do the same for the Mozilla\Thunderbird directory.

A general way for migrating programs and settings

This should work for programs that do not use the registry to store settings. Note that this also means uninstall information will not be migrated and you may need to delete files manually. Try the below method only if you have a basic understanding what you are doing (which said I’ll add it’s not hard at all — just don’t blame me for anything you did.)

I assume the old files from the previous installation are in C:\Windows.old which should be the default.

  1. Copy the program folder from C:\Windows.old\Program Files to C:\Program Files (x86)

  2. Copy the settings folder from C:\Documents and Settings\Username\Application Data\Local Settings to C:\UserData\Username\AppData\Roaming. You may need to find out which folder to move but generally it’s C:\Documents and Settings\Username\Manufacturer Name\Software Name

  3. Create a shortcut on the desktop by dragging C:\Program Files (x86)\Software Name\Software.exe with the right mouse button on the desktop and selecting “Create shortcuts here”. Again, you need to find out which file is the executable that has to be run to run the migrated software.

  4. Double click the new shortcut and cross your fingers!

05 Aug

Introducing Calculon

Here’s a desktop calculator I wrote because I thought the standard Windows Calculator sucks (which it does). I got annoyed of how you can’t paste more than a single number and how the scientific mode misses a simple shortcut to square root.


My approach is closer to the Google Search calculator feature in that the program only has two text fields, one for the expression and one for the result. It also does conversions and has user-definable functions, constants and whatnot.

Currently, the software is in alpha state (which means it works but is not finished) which I hope will not be perpetual. It is already very much usable, though.

What is left to do is that currently the software does only 80-bit floating point arithmetics (the best precision offered by x87) and displaying the result is double precision (thanks to the fact MinGW uses Windows libraries for printing floats, which have support only up to double precision). I also plan adding simple graphical features for graphing functions.

You can find Calculon (a placeholder name) on its own project page.